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10 Common Types of Special Educational Needs

A child or young person with Tourette’s can involuntarily lose control of their speech and body movements. Support for Tourette’s syndrome includes behaviour therapy and sometimes language / speech therapy. The special needs meaning can also include impairments in communication, behavior, self-care (sometimes referred to as activities of daily living), social interaction, and cognition.

ASC / ASD support will usually result in a special educational provision. Support can be provided by specialist teachers, ABA professionals and speech and language therapists. Children and young people diagnosed with Anorexia can obtain a special educational provision to help them learn how to manage the condition and improve their health. Anorexia can often result in fatigue and difficulties with concentrating at school. It is extremely important that support is provided in school, as well as ongoing support from medical practitioners or doctors. Accommodations are defined as modifications or adjustments that support an individual with a mental, emotional, or physical disability.

  1. Full information on SEN units and resourced provisions is available in the school level underlying data file that accompanies this release.
  2. The need for breaks can vary not only between students but for different assignments and tests.
  3. Preferential seating may involve seating students away from classmates who tend to talk or windows where they may get distracted by people or events outside.
  4. The IEP might allow the student to listen to audiobooks or view certain material based on how their disability affects their learning and how they receive information.

Additionally, some disabilities mentioned could fit into more than one category. Make a chart, poster, or some other type of graphic organizer that lists and describes the kinds of unlawful behavior of which people with disabilities can become victims. The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disabilities provides tools and strategies to get your child with special needs ready to succeed at their future job. Eye contact, sitting still for long periods, or carrying on a conversation may prove tough.

Speech or language impairment

If your student has a sign language interpreter, remember to direct any conversation you have to the student. Notes service is a common accommodation most common types of special needs in conjunction with sign language interpreters. Some people with CP have issues on one side of the body, but not on the other.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

The information below is an introduction, rather than an exhaustive list of conditions. Please contact us if you wish to gain further insight on specific disabilities. If you want to learn more about each disability, you will find a list of links on our specific disability resources page. Intellectual disabilities can exist on their own, but they may also be part of a wider diagnosis. For example, people with autism may or may not also have intellectual disabilities.

Some ways to assist individuals with special needs include environmental access, adaptive equipment, environmental accommodations, and individualized programming. Special needs can refer to a wide variety of conditions and disabilities. The following categories are not the only way to categorize special needs but rather represent how individuals may experience disability. Disabled Sports USA is dedicated to making sure children with physical, intellectual, and developmental special needs can play, just like kids should.

Visual Impairment

It is important to understand the extent and nature of a child or young person’s learning difficulties and whether any other developmental delay is present. That will then ensure that the appropriate special educational provision is delivered. The term special needs may have originated with the growth of special education designed to support students with disabilities in the school systems.

Are these ALL the types of special needs?

It can also help students with visual impairments see the teacher better to sit near the front of the room. Students with hearing impairments may also hear better when seated closer to the teacher. Some only need presentation accommodations, for example, while others may require a few different ones to meet their learning needs. Oppositional defiant disorder is a a psychiatric disorder, which causes a students to have problems with their conduct and can have a serious impact on their ability to learn. Every learning disability has different symptoms and everyone’s experience of the condition is unique as they may experience differences in the frequency and intensity of their symptoms. Depending upon the severity of symptoms, students may require accommodations in the form of extended deadlines, exam accommodations, and excused absences.

It is not uncommon to be refused special educational needs support from a school or local authority for anxiety related issues. There is a federal law in place that prohibits disability harassment. Under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, it is illegal to verbally harass, physically intimidate, or write threats to an individual with a disability or learning difference. The school districts across the nation have the responsibility to provide all students with disabilities and learning differences with an adequate education.

My master’s in teaching focused on special education and behavioral disorders from Seattle Pacific University. Since becoming a mother and increasingly in the last year, I have witnessed parents struggling to connect with their child’s special education team with no success. I have become more aware of the gaps in our public school system and how parents may benefit from empowerment and advocacy tools. Accommodations on special education IEPs aren’t limited to what I’ve talked about here.

For example, if a test or assignment has a 60-minute limit and the student is given 30 minutes longer, those 30 minutes must be added to the original 60-minute time limit. Students might take their test in another room so that their breaks don’t disrupt other students’ test taking. This can also help if the student gets distracted by classmates who complete their tests or assignments at a different speed. A student might benefit from recording the lessons rather than taking notes.

While the term special needs is widely used, it should be noted that members of the disability community and those who work to assist them tend to prefer the term disability. In addition, the federal laws designed to prevent discrimination and ensure equal access do not use the term special needs but rather use legally defined terminology related to disabilities and specific disability categories. Federal law defines disability as an impairment (mental or physical) that substantially limits one or more life activities. It is very important that a child or young adult with ASC / ASD is identified as early as possible to ensure that their developmental difficulties are fully understood.

It’s a good idea to learn more about what the individual student finds most helpful. Other times, a student might struggle to process written instructions. Here, it might help for a designated reader to read the questions on assignments out loud to the student.

However, if your child has SEND, they are likely to need extra support, or support in a different way, to make sure they are able to learn. Special educational needs (SEN) is a related term you’ll come across. Originally from England, Will is an Upper Primary Coordinator now living in Brazil. He is passionate about making the most of technology to enrich the education of students. For students who are blind, assistive technologies such as dictaphones / smartphone apps (to record lessons), braille textbooks / handouts and electronic readers (to convert text into speech) should be used. From the outset, meet privately with the student and establish that you will be respectful toward each other.

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